Small, brownish, oval organisms having segmented bodies and they rely on the blood of humans and animals. Adult bed bugs have the size of an apple side. But after getting proper nutrients, their bodies get swell and attain reddish color. Although they cannot fly, they have the potential to move swiftly across the walls, ceilings, and floors. And the female bed bug laid thousands of eggs and their size is approximately of a dust speck. Before reaching the maturity stage immature bed bugs (nymphs) shed their skin five times not only this, but they require a specific amount of blood before each of their shedding. And most interestingly if they got proper development conditions then they can grow in more than a month and have the power to produce three or more generations per year.
Hiding places for bed bugs:
Bed bugs can enter your home unknowingly through various mediums such as couches, beds, luggage, clothing, and other items. This happens because of their flat bodies that assist them in adjusting at narrow places. Moreover, they do not have a nest instead they live in the form of groups. The initial hiding places for bed bugs are mattresses, headboards, bed frames, box springs all the places where they have easy access to bite people at night.
Bed bugs bite…..when?
Mostly bed bugs bite when people fall asleep because they are active at night. As they feed themselves by piercing the skin of humans and withdrawing blood from it for their development process. Their feeding process is of approximately three to 10 minutes and after that, they move away unnoticed. Most of the bed bug bites do not cause any sort of, but over time they turn into itchy welts. Their bites are mostly on the exposed skin.
Food sources of bed bugs:
Bed bugs most of the time feed on the blood of humans. Moreover, they also feed on other humans such as mice, rats, poultry, birds, dogs, cats, and many more. Occasionally they feed at night, but they may feed in the day from the rooms that have not been in use at night. Bed bugs are responsible for transmitting diseases such as chagas disease, but they are not involved in carrying or contacting it. They can feed as often as once a week, or after a few months, or they can last without feeding for one year.
Reproductive and growth stages of bed bugs:
The female bed bug can lay more than 200 eggs in crevices or cracks of beds and floors. Due to their fast multiplication phase, they are considered a big problem. They lay eggs mostly after feeding on the blood. The eggs will take one or two weeks for the hatching process to turn into a nymph. They will molt five times before reaching their phase of adulthood. The growth stages of bed bugs are egg, nymph, and adult. Moreover, bed bugs reproduce through a traumatic process.
Bed bugs’ treatment:
To get rid of bed bugs from your tropical area residence, you need to contact a bed bug exterminator. As the exterminator uses top-notch technology and heat treatment methods. Most of the exterminators use environmentally friendly processes.