Poland has many natural resources. Due to long mining traditions, there are a lot of former mines that has been remodelled from mining sights to tourist attractions. Some of them are also still operating mines but are available to tourists. Each visit in such a place is a unique experience and sometimes give an extra-terrestrial feeling. We invite you to discover Polish mines opened for tourists by ITS DMC Poland, a renowned Polish travel agency who has been organising international group stays in Poland since 2005.
The most interesting Polish mines by ITS DMC Poland:
- Tarnowskie Gory Silver and Zinc Mine
- Wieliczka Salt Mine
- Bochnia Salt Mine
- Krzemionki Opatowskie Striped Flint Mine
- Klodawa Slat Mine
- Kletno Uranium Mine
- Kowary Drift
- Zloty Stok Gold and Arsenic Mine
- Zlotoryja Gold Mine
- Guido Coal Mine Zabrze
- Luisa Drift Zabrze
- Old Mine Walbrzych
- Silesia Museum Katowice
- Nowa Ruda Coal Mine
- Ignacy Mine in Rybnik
- Sztygarka Dabrowa Gornicza
- Chelm Chalk Mine
Poland is famous for its coal. It is also still heavily dependent on coal in terms of national electricity production. Still, in the 21st century there are extensive plans to close most of the mines. Some of them where exploitation of coal is no longer profitable has been changed into tourist attractions already. The group of tourist coal mines is big. Probably the most interesting mines are located in Zabrze. The two mines invested a lot to make the routes as interesting as possible. Guido Coal Mine is available at two mine levels with big mining exhibition. One of the levels also has an underground pub. Luisa Drift on the other hand has also very interesting offer for children. ITS DMC Poland especially recommends visiting 12C Park with multitude of attractions for children. Moreover, a very modern exhibitions are available inKatowice Silesian Museum in the city centre of the capital of Polish coal mining and the Old Mine in Walbrzych complex also an artistic centre. Other fascinating coal exhibitions can be found in Nowa Ruda, Rybnik and Dabrawa Gornicza.
Here we have to start with Wieliczka and Bochnia Salt Mines located in Lesser Poland region, close to Cracow, as they are enlisted at UNESCO World Heritage List. They are both located at the same greyish-green salt deposits and characterise with interesting multimedia exhibitions. Still, Wieliczka is more well known among tourists as it can boast magnificent salt St. Kinga’s Chapel, multitude of salt sculptures and salt lakes. The other very interesting salt mine is located in Klodawain central Poland. It is situated at only European pink salt deposits and is offers the deepest tourist route in Poland as it involves getting about 1,5 km underground. ITS DMC Poland states that it can be easily visited in the middle of winter as so deep underground it is warm even during deepest colds and warm coats are not needed.
Silver and zinc mining
Tarnowskie Gory Silver and Zinc mine is also enlisted at UNESCO World Heritage List. Tourist can find here a very modern and interactive mining museum, enter the mine and find out the open-air museum of mining machines. Close by they can also get to the Black Trout Drift where it is possible to take an underground boat cruise. ITS DMC Poland recommends planning a whole day for sightseeing of this area.
Krzemionki Opatowskie striped flint mining
Krzemionki Opatowskie striped flint mining region is enlisted at UNESCO World Heritage List and its historic value is comparable to the famous Stonehenge in the UK. Krzemionki Opatowskie is a Neolithic and early Bronze Age complex of flint mines for the extraction of Upper Jurassic (Oxfordian) banded flints. Their area contains about four thousand mines. The tourist route in Krzemionki is approx. 1.5 km long and presents the original excavations of Neolithic mines, mining heaps and shaft pits that make up the unique industrial landscape from 5,000 years ago. ITS DMC Poland also suggests joining sightseeing of this attraction with St. Cross Mountains trekking as these oldest type of world mountains offer many geological curiosities.
There are two interesting gold mining complexes. The bigger one is located in Zloty Stok and includes a thematic fun complex for tourists with for example the underground boat cruise in arsenic waters, the underground mining train and the underground waterfall. ITS DMC Poland states that you should reserve at least a full day for a visit in this complex. The other gold mine is located in Zlotoryja and the length of the route there is 100 m.
There are also two mines where tourists can explore the mysteries of uranium mining. The first one is located in Kletno. ITS DMC Poland advices to join sightseeing of this mine with the Bear Cave sightseeing in the same village. Still, remember that the entrance has to be booked much in advance due to the mine great popularity. The mine operated in the years 1948-1953 and included 20 drifts, 3 shafts, and the total length of all mining workings was over 37 km. In total, 20 tons of uranium ore were mined here. Visitors can see many attractively lit local minerals (fluorite, amethyst, quartz and others). The entry is completely safe in terms of radioactive radiation. The other Uranium complex can be found in Kowary. Kowary Drift is an underground world of legends, secrets and true history, associated for nearly 700 years with the search for minerals and the extraction of precious stones, iron, silver and uranium. The sightseeing route is 1,200 meters long and takes about 60 minutes. Tourists usually also enjoy uranium glass exhibitions that glow with green light.
Chalk mining route in Chelm is 2 km long and goes under the city centre. The Chelm Chalk Tunnels is a world-unique labyrinth of underground corridors carved in the Cretaceous, stretching several dozen kilometres on five levels under the Chelm old town. Tourists have the opportunity to learn about the history of chalk mining in these lands, see numerous archaeological and mining exhibitions. The route is also attractive for the youngest, mainly thanks to bats and spiders hanging over the visitors’ heads. ITS DMC Poland suggests to join a visit here with Lublin sightseeing.
Poland has huge mining heritage. Interesting mines are mainly located in the south of the country therefore tourists interested in such technology monuments should choose this part of the country. Especially, Katowice conurbation region is particularly interesting when it comes to mining. We invite all tourists to make their sightseeing itineraries more diverse and interesting by adding such technology elements. Discover Poland and its underworld! If any of the above-mentioned elements caught your interest, feel free to contact ITS DMC Poland. Their professional group tour advisors will help you to prepare and organize the best sightseeing.